· Completed in 1955
· 57 acres of cleared land
· Two segregated complexes one for black and one for white
· 2,870 apartments
· 33 11 story buildings
· Architecture by Leinweber, Yamasaki, and Hellmuth design firm
· Yamasaki also built the twin towers
· Built in the De-Sotto Carr neighborhood a black ghetto in an effort to revitalize the area
· The design proposals were a mixture of walk-up, high rise, and mid rise structures. (American Architectural History by Keith L. Eggener 2004)
· This proposal was to expensive so they were forced to build 33 identical 11 story elevator buildings. (American Architectural History by Keith L. Eggener 2004)
· Skip top elevators
· Glazed internal galleries to create “individual neighborhoods”
· The anchor floors hosted the garbage chutes, communal rooms, laundry facilities.
· Stairwells and corridors attracted muggers
· Ventilation was poor and nonexistent central air
· Parking and recreation facilities were inadequate
· Deliberately small apartments
· In 1956 Pruitt Igoe was desegregated and became a mainly black community
· The quality of the hardware was so poor that doorknobs and locks were broken on initial use… Windowpanes were blown from inadequate frames by wind pressure. In the kitchens, cabinets were made of the thinnest plywood possible. (American Architectural History by Keith L. Eggener 2004)
· The buildings remained vacant and the whole complex was never more that 60 percent occupied
· By the end of the 1960s Pruitt-Igoe was nearly abandoned and had deteriorated into a decaying, dangerous, crime-infested neighborhood. In 1971, Pruitt-Igoe housed only six hundred people in seventeen buildings; the other sixteen were boarded up.
· Died of social isolation
· Inadequate maintenance and increased poverty of residents
This is what part of Pruitt-Igoe looks like today. A bunch of planted trees and weeds.